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This page is the beginnings of a portal for Africa community action. The majority of our information about this is collated via our place pages...Near you. Most of this page focuses on Africa community action topics. A separate page covers Africa news.

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.4 billion people as of 2021, it accounts for about 18% of the world's human population. Africa's population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Despite a wide range of natural resources, Africa is the least wealthy continent per capita and second-least wealthy by total wealth, behind Oceania. Scholars have attributed this to different factors including geography, climate, tribalism, colonialism, the Cold War, neocolonialism, lack of democracy, and corruption. Despite this low concentration of wealth, recent economic expansion and the large and young population make Africa an important economic market in the broader global context.

The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states, eight territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population. African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.

Africa topic articles

Climate action

350africa.org

Community energy

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Solar Sister eradicating energy poverty by empowering women with economic opportunity

The 'Fuel from Waste' Network - M-KOPA Solar - ColdHubs

Food

Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa - Farm Africa - Slow Food in Africa

Social inclusion

Southern African Regional Poverty Network - Français - Rede Regional da Pobreza na África Austral (Português}

Sustainable livelihood

dadamac.net, Collaboration, Education, Livelihoods and Development in a Changing World

Sustainable transport

Africa Streets Mission

Urban sustainability

Africa now has 350 million urban dwellers, more than the populations of Canada and the United States combined. Asia and Africa are expected to double their urban populations to roughly 3.4 billion by 2030.[1]

Resources

Apps for sustainability

Citizens data initiative

Wealth and poverty in Africa – interactive, 2011[2]

Video

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News and comment

see separate article: Africa news

Environmental issues in Africa

Environmental issues in Africa are caused by anthropogenic effects on the African natural environment and have major impacts on humans and nearly all forms of endemic life. Issues include desertification, problems with access to safe water supply, population explosion and fauna depletion. These issues are ultimately linked to over-population in Africa, as well as on a global scale. Nearly all of Africa's environmental problems are geographically variable and human induced, though not necessarily by Africans. W

Near you

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See also

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Back to top

External links

Africa W, Environmental issues in Africa W, Great Green Wall W

References

  1. Worldwatch Institute, 2007
  2. guardian.co.uk, 25 December 2011

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