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Rewilding, or re-wilding, activities are conservation efforts aimed at restoring and protecting natural processes and wilderness areas. Rewilding is a form of ecological restoration with an emphasis on recreating an area's natural, uncultivated state. This may require active human intervention to achieve. Approaches can include removing human artefacts such as dams or bridges, connecting wilderness areas, and protecting or reintroducing apex predators and keystone species.

The general goal is to move toward a wilder natural ecosystem that will involve less active forms of natural resource management. Rewilding efforts can aim to create ecosystems requiring passive management. Successful long term rewilding projects can need little ongoing human attention, as successful reintroduction of keystone species creates a self-regulatory and self-sustaining stable ecosystem, possibly with near pre-human levels of biodiversity.

While rewilding initiatives can be controversial, the United Nations have listed rewilding as one of several methods needed to achieve massive scale restoration of natural ecosystems, which they say must be accomplished by 2030 as part of the 30x30 campaign.

Both grassroots groups and major international conservation organizations have incorporated rewilding into projects to protect and restore large-scale core wilderness areas, corridors (or connectivity) between them, and apex predators, carnivores, or keystone species (species which interact strongly with the environment, such as elephant and beaver).

Community action projects[edit | edit source]

  • Rewilding projects which have community involvement.

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Are You Ready to Rewild?
Authors: WILD Foundation, Mar 18, 2021

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  • Rewilding Global, Alliance for a Wilder Earth, "Millions of people are rewilding Earth to help nature heal. You can help." added 10:56, 7 December 2021 (UTC)

News and comment[edit | edit source]


How to live with large predators – lessons from Spanish wolf country, Nov 15 [1]

Emerging geographies of rewilding, Paul Jepson, Mar 20 [2]

New rewilding project teaches tour guides to offer fresh look at travel, Jan 22 [3]

Climate change mitigation effects of rewilding[edit | edit source]

Conserving areas by protecting areas can boost the carbon sequestration capacity. The European Union, through the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 targets to protect 30% of the sea territory and 30% of the land territory by 2030. In 2021, 7 countries (the G7) pledged to protect or preserve at least 30% of the world's land and 30% of the world's oceans to halt biodiversity loss. A survey by the United Nations Development Programme of public opinion on climate change found that forests and land conservation policies were the most popular solutions of climate change mitigation. W

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