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Madrid Shared Space, Oct 2009. Attribution: EURIST e.V.

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This page is the beginnings of a portal for Spain community action. It focuses mainly on Spain community action topics. Separate pages cover Spain community action resources, and Spain news

Spain (Spanish: España, [esˈpaɲa] (listen)), or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a country primarily located in southwestern Europe with parts of territory in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Mediterranean Sea. The largest part of Spain is situated on the Iberian Peninsula; its territory also includes the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla in Africa. The country's mainland is bordered to the south by Gibraltar; to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea; to the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the second-largest country in the European Union (EU) and, with a population exceeding 47.4 million, the fourth-most populous EU member state. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Bilbao.

Anatomically modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 42,000 years ago. The ancient Iberian and Celtic tribes, along with other local pre-Roman peoples, dwelled the territory maintaining contacts with foreign Mediterranean cultures. The Roman conquest and colonization of the peninsula (Hispania) ensued, bringing the Romanization of the population. The fall of the Western Roman Empire ushered in the migration into Iberia of tribes from Central and Northern Europe with the Visigoths as the dominant power in the peninsula by the fifth century. In the early eighth century, most of the peninsula was conquered by the Umayyad Caliphate, and during early Islamic rule, Al-Andalus became a dominant peninsular power centered in Córdoba. Several Christian kingdoms emerged in Northern Iberia, chief among them León, Castile, Aragon, Portugal, and Navarre made an intermittent southward military expansion, known as Reconquista, repelling the Islamic rule in Iberia, which culminated with the Christian seizure of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada in 1492. Jews and Muslims were forced to choose between conversion to Catholicism or expulsion, and eventually the converts were expelled through different royal decrees.

Biodiversity

In 2010 and 2011, an unrelated initiative in the village of San Cebrián de Mudá (190 inhabitants) in Palencia, northern Spain released 18 European bison (a species extirpated from Spain since the Middle Ages) in a natural area already inhabited by roe deer, wild boar, red fox and grey wolf, as part of the creation of a 240-hectare "Quaternary Park". Three Przewalski's horses from a breeding center in Le Villaret, France were added to the park in October 2012. Onagers and "aurochs" were planned to follow.

In 2016 and 2018, the True Nature Foundation reintroduced in total 7 European bison of the Lowland-Caucasian breeding line in Anciles Wildlife Reserve in the Parque Regional de Picos de Europa in the Cantabrian mountains in northern Spain. W

Environment quality

Ibiza Limpia keeping Ibiza clean and tidy

Trees, woodland and forest

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Aboretum Marbella

Reforestación: Fundación Apadrina un Árbol, Proyecto de reforestación de área quemada en Guadalajara, España - malagareforesta.org Plan municipal de reforestación que incluye proyectos como éste de apadrinamiento de árboles.

Community involvement

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The anti-austerity movement in Spain, also referred to as the 15-M Movement (Spanish: Movimiento 15-M), and the Indignados Movement, was a series of protests, demonstrations, and occupations against austerity policies in Spain that began around the local and regional elections of 2011 and 2012. Beginning on 15 May 2011, many of the subsequent demonstrations spread through various social networks such as Real Democracy NOW (Spanish: Democracia Real YA) and Youth Without a Future (Spanish: Juventud Sin Futuro).

Spanish media related the movement to the 2008–14 Spanish financial crisis, the Arab Spring, as well as demonstrations in North Africa, Iran, Greece, Portugal, and Iceland. The movement was also compared to Stéphane Hessel's political manifesto Time for Outrage!, which was seen to empower Spanish youth who were not in school, training, or employment. Protestors rallied against high unemployment rates, welfare cuts, politicians, and the two-party system in Spain, as well as the political system, capitalism, banks, and public corruption. Many called for basic rights, of home, work, culture, health and education. The movement transferred to Europe the model of the protest camp which had been formed in the Arab Spring, adapting it to a more countercultural framework. This would later expand until influencing the creation of Occupy Wall Street.

According to RTVE, the Spanish public broadcasting company, between 6.5 and 8 million Spaniards participated in these events.

Community energy

Som Energia, Catalunya renewable energy cooperative

Energías renovables: Existen numerosas subvenciones y ayudas para la instalación de tecnologías para energías renovables. Estas dependen del país y la región donde vivas. Puedes informarte en detalle usando webs especializadas en estos temas como Ayudas y Subvenciones & Soliclima o Subvenciones Energía

Port of Bilbao, Spain Wind Park

Wikipedia: El Hierro, Energy: According to the Ministry for Industry, Tourism and Commerce, El Hierro will become the first island in the world to be energy self-sufficient. This will be achieved through a €54 million project combining a greater than 11 megawatt wind farm and two hydroelectric projects. El Hierro is the smallest and farthest south and west of the Canary Islands (an Autonomous Community of Spain), in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa, with a population of 10,162 (2003).

Cycling activism

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Advocacy Academy - Lessons From the Best Biking Cities - Sevilla, Spain
Authors: PeopleForBikes, Nov 17, 2020

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Ciclismo

  • Conbici.org confederación de asociaciones ciclistas de España y Portugal. Su página contiene noticias e información sobre iniciativas como la creación de una Red Básica ciclista. Entre otras actividades, conbici es miembro del Consejo Superior de Tráfico y Seguridad de la Circulación Vial, en representación del colectivo de ciclistas en la vía pública. link checked 17:37, 23 October 2022 (UTC)
  • Red de Ciudades por la Bicicleta
  • Sevilla: Sevilla - Sevici

Maps

Education for sustainability

Abrazo House, ecological study centre located in the Aras Valley, Cantabria, northern Spain - AVALON Sustainability School

Reduce, reuse, repair and recycle

Reciclaje: Tragamóvil tiene puntos de recogida de móviles por todo España. Visita su web para encontrar los puntos más cercanos a tu domicilio.

Rural sustainability

guifi.net

Plan Estratégico Nacional de Desarrollo Rural 2007-2013, 2006

Sharing

Andecha (from Latin indictia 'announcement) is voluntary, unpaid and punctual aid to help a neighbor carry out agricultural tasks (cutting hay, harvesting potatoes, building a barn, collecting apples to make cider, etc.). The work is rewarded with a snack or a small party and the tacit commitment that the person assisted will come with their family to the call of another andecha when another neighbor requests it. It is very similar to the Irish meitheal.

It should not be confused with another Asturian collective work institution, the sestaferia. In this, the provision of the service is mandatory (under penalty of fine) and is not called a to help of an individual but the provision of common services (repair of bridges, cleaning of roads, etc.)

Sustainable livelihood

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Living without a job, other economic alternatives
Authors: The Coperach, Jan 9, 2017

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Catalan Integral Cooperative on p2pfoundation.net, The Catalan Integrated Cooperative originally published in Spanish on October 25th 2011

Sustainable transport activism

Towards sustainable economies

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Calafou, postcapitalist ecoindustrial colony - Red Renta Basica (Basic Income Network)

Wikipedia: Mondragon Corporation: corporation and federation of worker cooperatives based in the Basque region of Spain. It was founded in the town of Mondragón in 1956 by graduates of a local technical college. Its first product was paraffin heaters. It is the seventh-largest Spanish company in terms of asset turnover and the leading business group in the Basque Country. At the end of 2012, it employed 80,321 people in 289 companies and organizations in four areas of activity: finance, industry, retail and knowledge. Mondragon cooperatives operate in accordance with Statement on the Co-operative Identity maintained by the International Co-operative Alliance.

Campaigns

Alianza Mar Blava, Ibiza y Formentera zona libre de prospecciones - Ni en Baleares ni en Canarias, Firma para detener las prospecciones de petróleo, Greenpeace España - savecanarias.org, no to oil drilling in the Canary Islands

Near you

Barcelona - Barcelona news - Madrid

See also

local information can be found, or shared, via our many location pages


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External links

References

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