The human desire to live in harmony with nature and one-another was first proposed as an international endeavour in 1987 when sustainability (as sustainable development) was formally defined by the United Nations as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."[1]
Although sustainable development has remained a key global concern, international charters like the United Nations' Millennium Ecosystem Assessment[2], and Millennium Declaration[3] which included the Millennium Development Goals[4] the expression sustainable development is often replaced by the terms sustainability and sustainability science which have broadly the same meaning.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sustainability: If an environment is not sustained then the ecosystem will overtime fall apart. Overusing one part of and ecosystem can cause the ecosystem to eventually fail. when you overuse one part of an ecosystem then it has dramatic results on the whole ecosystem, the biosphere.

Essence of sustainability

Branches of sustainability

Sustainabiity is divided into two main branches: sustainability science and sustainability governance. Each of these branches is divided into a number of subfields:

Sub-fields of sustainability science

Main article: Sustainability science

Sub-fields of sustainability governance

Related disciplines

History of sustainability

Main article: History of sustainability


Levels of biological organisation

Politics of sustainability

Population control

Environmental technology

Energy conservation

Over consumption




Scholars of sustainability

Leaders in sustainability

Category:Sustainability advocates

Sustainability lists

Main article: List of sustainability topics


See also


  1. United Nations. 1987. "Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development." General Assembly Resolution 42/187, 11 December 1987.
  2. Official Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  3. United Nations Millennium Declaration
  4. The United Nations Millennium Goals (UN Site)

External links

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